четвер, 25 серпня 2016 р.

ABSTRACT. The principle activity / purpose (P)

Article стаття для журналу
Paper стаття на конференцію

Report звіт

1)      purpose/aim/objective of this article / of the present paper / of this report is to determine              whether …
This paper describes/presents the results of W to determine R.
The article will deal with / will discuss the implementation of Q.

Verb:

Investigate
Study
Discuss
Consider
Outline
Formulate
Calculate
Estimate
Analyze
Examine
Establish (основувати)
Deal with (займатися проблемою)
Touch on/upon
Comment on
Develop
Design
Construct (будувати)
Solve
Perform (виконувати)

2)    The purpose of this study was to investigate G.

Verb:

Obtain
Find out
Discover
Establish
Assess (оцінювати)
Demonstrate
Show
Test
Check (перевірити, вияснити)
Verity
Prove

 Subject Matter
A new characteristic of Z with reference to J is given in this article.
A detailed analysis of H has been presented.
Function of K are analysed in detail.
A new M has been considered.
Considered in the paper is the structure of B.
Investigated here are the functions of Y.
Presented in the study are the characteristics of D.

Nouns:


Activity
Function
Nature
Structure
Effect
Cause
Influence
Property
Analysis
Study
Classification
Description
Characteristic
Investigation


Attributes:


Detailed
Thorough
Careful
Accurate
Comprehensive
Brief
Short
Preliminary
Extensive
In (great) detail



Word-combination:
To carry out the analysis
To perform/make a study
To give a description
To make measurements
To carry out an investigation
To do research

E.g.   Attention is paid in the study to the functions of G.
         An attempt is made here to analyse the nature of K.
         Use is made in the article of R.

To pay attention to smth
To make attempt to do smth /
To make effort to do smth
To place emphasis on smth
To make emphasis on smth
To take account of smth
To take advantage of smth
To make allowance for smth
To give consideration to smth
To make mention of smth
To make reference to smth
To make use of smth

Nouns:


Method метод, спосіб
Technique метод, спосіб, методика, спосіб проведення експерименту
Approach
Way підхід, розгляд
Problem
Question
Issue
Analysis
Theory
Effect



Adjectives:
Improved, modified – удосконалений, видозмінений
Adequate
Promising
Validтакий, що можна застосувати у цьому випадку, обґрунтований, справедливий
Rigorousстрогий, чіткий
Efficientекономічний
Effectiveефективний
Crude – нечіткий, грубий
Direct, straightforward
Indirect – непрямий
Appropriate – що відповідає
Reliable – надійний
Satisfactory – задовільний
Valuable – цінний
Up-to-date – сучасне
Out-of-date
Conventional, usual – звичайний, загальновживаний
Additional – допоміжний
Principal, basic, main, chief

Verb:
Examine (the effect of R on G, the behavior, the phenomenon, the properties)
Estimate (the effect of R on G, possible sources of error, the value)
Determine (the rate, the coefficients, the magnitude (важливість), the constants)


Establish (визначати) (the fact of, the difference in, the existence of, the presence (присутність) of)
Eliminate (виключати) (  distortions (викривлення) resulting from,
,
                   undesirable (небажані) effects,
                   disturbing (тривожні) effects due to,
                   the problem, the error due to)
                  
E.g.   Studies were made of Z by K using …
         B was investigated by H / Ving (applying…)
         R was analysed under U by means of L.
         T was solved using F.
         A modified version of X was used in a detailed investigation of G.

         A pulse method was used in the study of W.

Немає коментарів:

Дописати коментар